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Stewarton Viaduct.
Stewarton Viaduct.

Stewarton is a town located in East Ayrshire, Scotland. In comparison to other towns in the region it is comparatively large - bigger than the surrounding towns of Kilmaurs, Fenwick, Dunlop and Lugton, with a population of over 10,000. It is 300 feet above sea level.[1]

The town is served by Stewarton railway station.


[edit] History

[edit] King Malcolm Canmore and Friskin

Historical records show that Stewarton has existed since at least the 12th century with various non-historical references to the town dating to the early 11th century. The most famous of these non-historical references concerns the legend (which may or may not be true) of Máel Coluim III the son of Donnchad I of Scotland who appears as a character in William Shakespeare's play Macbeth. As the legend goes, Mac Bethad had slain Donnchad to enable himself to become king of Scotland and immediately turned his attention towards Donnchad's son Máel Coluim (the next in line to the throne). When Máel Coluim learned of his father's death and Mac Bethad's intentions to murder him, he fled for the relative safety of England. Unfortunately for Máel Coluim, Mac Bethad and his associates had tracked him down and were gaining on him as he entered the estate of Corsehill on the edge of Stewarton. In panic Máel Coluim pleaded for the assistance of a nearby farmer named either Friskine or Máel Coluim (accounts differ) who was forking hay on the estate. Friskine/Máel Coluim covered Máel Coluim in hay, allowing him to escape Mac Bethad and his associates. He later found refuge with King Harthacanute, who reigned as Canute II, King of England and Norway and in 1057, after returning to Scotland and defeating Mac Bethad in the Battle of Lumphanan in 1057 to become King of Scots, he rewarded Friskine's family with the Baillie of Cunninghame to show his gratitude to the farmer who had saved his life 17 years earlier. Whether this legend is true or not, the Cunninghame family logo now features a "Y" shaped fork with the words "over fork over" underneath - a logo which appears in various places in Stewarton, notably as the logo of the two primary schools in the area - Lainshaw primary school and Nether Robertland primary school.

Another reference to Stewarton, this time a historical recorded version, is that one Wernbald was given the Cunninghame lands by his superior, Hugo de Morville, the builder of Kilwinning Abbey who lived at this time in Tour near Kirkland in Kilmaurs. The family were originally from Morville in Normandy (Wernebald was from Flanders) and had been established in Scotland for at least twenty years when one of the family was involved in the murder of Thomas Becket. Dervorguilla of Galloway, mother of John Baliol, was a daughter of the Morvilles on her mother's side, and when Robert the Bruce won the crown the family of Baliol lost their lands in Cunninghame. The Red Comyn, whom Bruce murdered, was a nephew of Baliol. William Cunninghame de Lamberton was Archbishop of St. Andrews and a supporter of Bruce.

Pont[2] in 1604 - 08 records that so thickly was the district about Stewarton and along the banks of the Irvine populated for a space of three or four miles "that well travelled men in divers parts of Europe (affirm) that they have seen walled cities not so well or near planted with houses so near each other as they are here, wherethrough it is so populous that, at the ringing of a bell in the night for a few hours, there have seen convene 3000 able men, well-horsed and armed."[3]

[edit] The Murder of the Earl Of Eglintoun

The restored Lainshaw House in 2007
The restored Lainshaw House in 2007

Another significant event from Stewarton's history involves the Cunninghame family. In the 16th century Ayrshire was divided into three regions or bailiaries - Kyle, Carrick and Cunninghame. The two powerful families residing in Cunninghame - the Cunninghame's and the Montgomeries - had been involved in a bitter dispute for several years over landholdings which came to a head in 1586 when Hugh 4th the Earl of Eglinton was attacked at the ford on the river Annick (which flows through Stewarton) by 30 or so members of the Cunninghame family and shot dead by John Cunninghame of Clonbeith. Hugh was on his way to attend the court of King James VI at Stirling when he decided to stop off at Langshaw house (now Lainshaw house which was for a long time a home for the elderly) to dine with his associates. Unbeknownst to the Earl, the lady of the house Lady Montgomery - who was the daughter of a Cunninghame of Aiket Castle, married into the Montgomery family - told several of her Cunninghame associates who lived in the area of the Earl's planned visit and they decided to lie in wait for the Earl at Annick Water Ford or brig (accounts differ). Lady Montgomery had two sisters, one was married to David Cunninghame of Robertland and another to John Cunninghame of Corsehill (Dobie 1876). As a response to the killing the Montgomery family declared they would kill every Cunninghame who had been at the river that day and a series of 'tit for tat' killings were carried out between the two families. John Cunninghame of Clonbeith was eventually slain in Hamilton, Scotland, but several of those responsible for the murder fled to Denmark and were eventually granted a pardon by King James upon his marriage to Anne of Denmark. John was found hiding in a chimney in Hamilton, dragged out and hacked to death.

The Mausoleum of the Cunninghames of Lainshaw in the Laigh Kirk cemetery, Stewarton.
The Mausoleum of the Cunninghames of Lainshaw in the Laigh Kirk cemetery, Stewarton.

Lady Montgomery, who was alleged to have signaled the murderers by placing a white 'napkin' on a window sill, is said to have escaped and lived with her retainer Robert Kerr at Pearce Bank (now High Peacockbank) for several years until the 'hue and cry' died down at which point she returned to the castle and was not mollested on the understanding that she did not 'show her face' outside of the grounds. A path known as the 'Weeping or Mourning Path' runs upstream from the Annick (previously Annack or Annock Water) ford and this is where the Earl's widow is said to have wept as she later followed the trail of blood left behind as his panicked horse took him away from the scene. The Earl's body was placed in Lainshaw Castle until arrangements were made to remove it to Eglintoun Castle.

[edit] Corsehill and Ravenscraig Castles

A great deal of confusion exists about the site and naming of these castles in Stewarton. The name Ravenscraig or Reuincraig is derived from 'Ruin Crag', i.e. ruined castle, so it isn't so much a name as a description. We know from historical records about Godfrey de Ross and his family of Corsehill Castle, they were Lords of Liddesdale in the Borders and later on the Cunninghames became the holders. Corsehill (also Crosshill) castle is said to have been on the east side of the Corsehill Burn and only a few remains were said to exist to show its site, however the 1860 OS indicates no ruins of any description.

Ravenscraig or Corsehill Castle showing the remains left after the railway demolished most of the ruins
Ravenscraig or Corsehill Castle showing the remains left after the railway demolished most of the ruins

The 1860 OS map does record the site of Templehouse which had a small fortalice associated with it and its site was at Darlington, the village which lay just beyond Stewarton on the Kingsford road before the East Burn. This area continued to be called Templehouses for many years after the stones were removed by local people for building purposes. Corsehill castle is shown in one old print of 1691 by Gross as Corsehill House and substantial remains existed until the railway was constructed and most of the ruins were used to build the embankment. It is recorded that an avenue of trees ran down from the well planted Corsehill into Stewarton. The single tower that remains today (2006) of Ravenscraig / Corsehill was repaired to stabilise it and this gives it its unexpected appearance.

A 1791 View of Corsehill House
A 1791 View of Corsehill House

It seems that Ravenscraig and Corsehill Castles were separate entities, and that a vague memory of Templehouse and its fortalice at Darlington on the lands of Corsehill farm, may have caused some extra confusion as in the King’s Kitchen tale of the location of the Baronial residence. An area opposite the site of Templehouses was known as 'The Castle' and this may reflect the existence of the castle or fortalice here (Hewitt 2006). Many references can be found to Corsehill in old records, none for Ravenscraig, but several for Reuincraig, although this is very unlikely to be anything more than a description and not a name.

Archibald Adamson in his 'Rambles Round Kilmarnock' of 1875 only records three castles, these being Robertland, Auchenharvie and Corsehill. He makes no mention of the name Ravenscraig, calling the site he visited Corsehill. Aitken only marks Crosshill Castle in 1829 on the west side of the Corsehill Burn. The first OS maps show only the existing castle site, so the new survey has not perpetuate the error.

The Mausoleum of the Cunninghames of Corsehill in the Laigh Kirk cemetery.
The Mausoleum of the Cunninghames of Corsehill in the Laigh Kirk cemetery.

To sum up, the map in Pont's 'Cuninghame' of 1604-8 shows two buildings, "Reuincraige" and "Corshill", at approximately NS 417 467 and NS 422 465 respectively, and Dobie (1876) comments that the two have often been confused, but that "Reuincraig" stood on the W of the Corsehill Burn and "Corsehill Mansion" on its E. "Reuincraig", he says, was so modernised about 1840 that it was difficult to realise that it had been ruined in 1608, while the ruins of "Corsehill" were removed about the beginning of the 19th century and only foundations could be traced when he wrote. He also thought that "Reuincraig" (i.e. Ruin Craig) was not an original name. If Dobie is correct, the ruins published as "Corsehill Castle" on the OS 6", must be those of "Reuincraig", both because they are standing remains, and because they are on the W bank of the burn. Macgibbon and Ross, describing "Corsehill Castle" at the end of the 19th century as a very ruinous mansion, evidently of late date and apparently of the L-plan, and ascribe it to the period 1542-1700, must be referring to "Reuincraig". Grose, in 1791, published an illustration of "Corshill House", but does not give it a close siting. As, however, he mentions that "at a small distance from this ruin are some small remains of a more ancient building belonging to the same family", he is also probably referring to "Reuincraig", the "small remains" being those of "Corsehill". (Grose 1791); (MacGibbon) and (Ross 1889).

General Roy's Military Survey of Scotland (1745 - 55) marks 'Ravenscraig' as 'Old Corsehill' and also marks the 'new' Corsehill on the other side of the burn, thereby apparently confirming that they both had the same name and one replaced the other, although only 'Old Corsehill' is still in anyway visible, just the foundations of 'new' Coresehill being apparent in 2007. The same map shows buildings named 'Temple' in the area of 'Templehouse'.

[edit] The Stewarton Flower

The Pink Purslane or Stewarton Flower - A seriously destructive alien invader, the white form of which was first introduced in Stewarton, probably at the Lainshaw estate in Victorian times.
The Pink Purslane or Stewarton Flower - A seriously destructive alien invader, the white form of which was first introduced in Stewarton, probably at the Lainshaw estate in Victorian times.
The Pink Purslane or Stewarton Flower. Common under local hedges and in the Anderson plantation of Lainshaw woods.
The Pink Purslane or Stewarton Flower. Common under local hedges and in the Anderson plantation of Lainshaw woods.

The Stewarton Flower, named for its local abundance by the Kilmarnock Glenfield Ramblers, is otherwise known as Pink Purslane (Claytonia sibirica) is found in damp areas. This plant was introduced from North America, quite possibly at the Lainshaw Estate for in the Anderson Plantation it is almost the dominant undergrowth species. The white flowered variety was introduced here and the normal pink variety spread from elsewhere. As far away as Dalgarven Mill the white flowered variety still dominates. The plant is very adept at reproducing by asexual plantlets and this maintains the white gene pool around Stewarton. The pink variety has not been able to predominate here, unlike almost everywhere else in the lowlands of Scotland, England and Wales.

[edit] The Conventicles and the Highland host

A Covenanters Conventicle.
A Covenanters Conventicle.[4]

To prevent the Covenanters holding 'Conventicles', King Charles II moved highland troops, the 'Highland Host' into the west-land of Ayrshire.[5] "They took free quarters; they robbed people on the high road; they knocked down and wounded those who complained; they stole, and wantonly destroyed, cattle; they subjected people to the torture of fire to discover to them where their money was hidden; they threatened to burn down houses if their demands were not at once complied with; besides free quarters they demanded money every day; they compelled even poor families to buy brandy and tobacco for them; they cut and wounded people from sheer devilment." The cost of all this amounted to £6062 12s 8d in Stewarton parish.[6]

[edit] The 1767 Toll Road to Irvine

Thomas Oliver was titled "roadmaker in Stewarton", being employed by the Kilmarnock to Irvine road committee. He worked with the specifications of a road twenty four feet wide, fourteen inches thick in the middle to ten inches in the sides, the understratum to be made of stones not exceeding six pounds tron weight and six inches thick, etc. Very precise requirements which would cost seven shilling per fall from Annick Bridge to Gareer Burn, but ten shillings per fall from Gareer Burn to Corsehouse bridge (Crosshouse) because of the lack of suitable materials locally.[7]

[edit] Local Events

The Laigh Kirk.
The Laigh Kirk.
Peter's brae woodland on the Cunninghamhead road from Stewarton.
Peter's brae woodland on the Cunninghamhead road from Stewarton.

Stewarton, like many other Scottish towns, holds a gala festival annually at the beginning of summer. Dating back to the days when Stewarton had a prosperous trade in bonnet-making, the 'Bonnet Guild' organises activities for the local residents and proclaims a 'Corsehill Queen', the most academically successful girl in 2nd year at Stewarton Academy.

The Cadgers’ Fair was an annual event unique to Stewarton in the 18th Century. "Our annual fair took place on Monday last. In the morning there was a large turnout of cattle. . . . Our Cadgers’ procession was a slight improvement on some former occasions, and headed by a brass band they marched through the town, thence to a field on the farm of Robertland where the races took place". Horses were traded and much of the 'action' took place in the Avenue Square.

One of the most exciting growing events in Stewarton is the 'Live Traid' music event. Run by the 'Stewarton Fair Trade Group', it gathers unsigned (and now signed) musical acts from the West of Scotland together bi-annually to raise money and attention for fair trade charities.

Over the years, Live Traid events in Stewarton have raised over £5000 and have proved to be a popular event with locals and fans of music from all over. The event has a growing reputation and the latest Live Traid was to be held on 30th June 2006. Previous acts to play Live Traid include:

Drive-by Argument, Chris Gorman Band, All My Logic, Mummy Short Arms, Gregor James (formerly of Rolla), After Christmas, My Final Wish, Daedalian, What the Dead Know, Airstrip Won, One Life Lived, Voodoo Blue, Regis, Dave McArthur Band, Kinky Wizards, G to the power 1D, Punkture, DJ FAD, Chester Says and The Fools, The Passions, Spandau Ballet, The Black and White Minstrel Band, Robert Mugabe (motivational speaker), John Deacon, The Gammon Rolls, Nightcloud, Larry David, Stratchlyde Police Nose Flute band, Chris Akabusi and The False Starts, Hear'say, The Swingle Singers, Pual Simon, The Milfs, Jenna Jameson, Sally Traffic, Cheesybean (now married), Rab and Ryan (Of Consolevania), Rednex, Glen Campbell, Richard O'Brien, Leslie Waters, Brian Blessed (formerly Gordon's Alive), Nestle, Michael Barrymore and The Floaters, Stig.

Each year Stewarton holds a small orange procession, made up of Stewarton and Kilmarnock orange lodges and the Spirit of Stewarton Flute Band.

[edit] Oxfam Slam


Another branch of the Stewarton Fair Trade group raises awareness of global poverty and international trade laws - with emphasis towards struggling farmers in the Goa region of India. After the British occupation of India, these farmers found themselves disadvantaged in the global market. The Stewarton Fair Trade group raises money and awareness throughout the year via 'Oxfam Slam' which, to date, has raised over £3500.

The bi-annual wrestling event held in Stewarton to commemorate the first ever Wrestling match (fought between Grassy Bill and Jake The Rake) at 3:16pm on the 25 of August 1868 in the grounds of Corsehill Castle (see above for discussion on the precise naming of the Stewarton Castles). Although never attending the historic event herself, Queen Victoria was so impressed with the spectacle that she ordained Grassy Bill and Jake the Rake each with an OBE. Since then Stewarton has held an annual Wrestling cavalcade. Recent concerns over world trade prices resulted in the event being renamed 'Oxfam Slam' in 2001. Featuring numerous well known wrestlers from the world of WWE, WCW and ECW, Oxfam Slam continues to draw dozens of fans to this day.

[edit] Then And Now

2003 saw Oxfam Slam's first anywhere falls match. This was a big leap from the food department of John Gordon's, where catering was handled by Izobels Tastie Bite's. During the match between Sting and The Rock, the fighting spilled into the local co-op, shoppers were shocked to see The People's Elbow performed in the dog food and toiletries isle. Allegations were levelled against the referee after some Oxfam Fans claimed his decision was swayed by Maggie Hamilton. Maggie Hamilton was known to be a close ally of The Rock, when Sting had (what some claim was) a clear 3-count-pin the referee unexpectedly suffered a seizure, brought on by brushing his teeth too regularly. However, no over-brushing of teeth was ever proven, and The Rock retains the Stewarton interflora title to this day. However, some question whether Oxfam Slam ever took place in their quiet town. The jury is out.

Jarred Rebecchi ('Toady', of BBC1's 'Neighbours' fame) who relocated to Stewarton after his split from celebrity wife Dione Bliss. Having a penchant for the 'Belly Slam' (Rikishi's finisher move) he has been arrested on numerous occasions for breaking his county court judgement, which prohibits him from knowingly 'Belly slamming' anyone on Standalane between the hours of 13:00 and 21:00. However, his sterling performance, when facing Steve Austin in the 2002 WWF World Title Match, gained him the fan's respect. To this day, he is a well loved, and well feared member of the community.

[edit] Location

Stewarton station looking towards Glasgow in June 2005.
Stewarton station looking towards Glasgow in June 2005.

Stewarton is located on the Annick Water in a rural part of North Ayrshire (though it is technically a part of the county of East Ayrshire) 6 miles to the North of Kilmarnock and to the East of Irvine. In the past Stewarton served as a waypoint between the traditional routes from Kilmarnock, Irvine and Ayr to the city of Glasgow, though in recent times a new motorway has bypassed the town. The old road is known as the "auld glasgae road" and still used by Stewarton residents, however its appeal to residents of the larger surrounding towns has been significantly lessened due to the creation of the new road.

[edit] Lainshaw & Annick Cycle and pedestrian paths Gallery 2007 & 2008

The Stewarton Woodland Action Trust is building paths to open up access to the countryside in the Stewarton area.

Stewarton now holds their own Yuletide, where the Main Street and High Street shops stay open. It has been going on for three years now and is very successful. This usually happens in December near Christmas. Dunlop, Fenwick, Lugton and other district towns are also included.

[edit] The Lainshaw Geocaches

A typical Geocache.
A typical Geocache.

Three traditional Geocaches are now located within easy reach of the SWAT Lainshaw woodlands paths network. One is called 'SWAT'S Long Wood' in recognition of the achievements of this group, but not set up by SWAT. A GPS device will be required to find these caches. 'SWATS' is located at co-ordinates N 55° 40.477 W 004° 32.704, British Grid: NS 40054 45278; 'Annick! Beware Cunninghames!' is located at co-ordinates N 55° 40.282 W 004° 32.283, British Grid: NS 40482 44900 and finally 'Picken's parked at Kirkmuir' is located at co-ordinates N 55° 40.711 W 004° 32.282, British Grid: NS 40512 45695.

Picken's Park was the name for the area where Lainshaw Primary school and the nearby housing estates now stand and the 'Beware Cunninghames' refers to the murder of the 4th Earl of Eglinton at the Annick Ford in 1586. Any nonchalant looking individuals at these co-ordinates are likely to be Geocachers trying to avoid 'Muggles', i.e. non-Geocachers.

[edit] Miscellaneous

The Stewarton War Memorial near Strandhead Park.
The Stewarton War Memorial near Strandhead Park.
The memorial to Rabbie Burns's uncle set up by the Stewarton Literary Society in the Laigh Kirk cemetery.
The memorial to Rabbie Burns's uncle set up by the Stewarton Literary Society in the Laigh Kirk cemetery.

The War Memorial used to stand outside the front of the library in the avenue square and was moved to provide a more suitable setting near Standalane house above Lainshaw primary school.

Dunlop cheese was made in Stewarton as well as many other Ayrshire localities, such as Beith. In 1940 one local boy recalled how he would call in at the farm to collect a bucket of pig fat and 'lard the cheese' before he went to school. This process involved coating the surface of the cheese before it was wrapped in cloth and stitched up prior to drying and ripening.[8]

Rabbie Burns's uncle worked at Titwood Farm, later moved to Stewarton and was buried in the Laigh Kirk where a memorial was erected by public subscription organised by the Stewarton Literary Society. He is known to have helped guard the Stewarton Laigh Church graveyard against the activities of body snatchers[9].

In the Laigh Kirk cemtery is the large horizontal cast iron 'tombstone' of one Andrew Pickens.

Andrew Pickens's cast iron memorial.
Andrew Pickens's cast iron memorial.

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  1. , Groome, Francis H. (1903). Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland. Pub. Caxton. London. P. 1506.
  2. , Pont, Timothy (1604). Cuninghamia. Pub. Blaeu in 1654.
  3. , Robertson, William (1908). Ayrshire. Its History and Historic Families. Vol.1. Pub. Dunlop & Dreenan. Kilmarnock. P. 303
  4. , Lawson, Rev. R. (1885). Maybole Past and Present. Pub. J. & R. Parlane. P. 49.
  5. , Robertson, William (1905). Old Ayrshire Days. Pub. Stephen & Pollock. Ayr. P. 299 - 300.
  6. , Robertson, William (1905). Old Ayrshire Days. Pub. Stephen & Pollock. Ayr. P. 203.
  7. , McClure, David (1994). Tolls and Tacksmen. Ayr Arch & Nat Hist Soc. Ayrshire Monograph No.13. P. 10.
  8. , Smith, John. Cheesemaking in Scotland - A History. Scottish Dairy Association. ISBN 0-9525323-0-1. P. 24.
  9. , Milligan, Susan. Old Stewarton, Dunlop and Lugton. Pub. Ochiltree. ISBN 1-84033-143-7.
  • Adamson, Archibald R. (1875). Rambles Round Kilmarnock. Pub. Kilmarnock. p.156.
  • Best, Nicholas (1999). The Kings and Queens of Scotland. Pub. London. ISBN 0-297-82489-9.
  • Dobie, James (1876). Pont's Cunnighame. Pub. Glasgow.
  • Hewitt, Davie (2006). Personal communication.
  • MacGibbon, T. and Ross, D. (1887-92). The castellated and domestic architecture of Scotland from the twelfth to the eighteenth centuries, 5v, Edinburgh, Vol.3, 495.

[edit] External links

Coordinates: 55°40'48?N, 4°30'55?W

(Source: Wikipedia)
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