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Chevening, also known as Chevening House, is a country house in the parish of Chevening, Kent, in England. It is an official residence of the Foreign Secretary of the United Kingdom.


[edit] History

The 115-room mansion, situated near a lake in the midst of a 3,500 acre (14 km²) estate, is a three-storey, symmetrical red brick structure in the English Renaissance style. It may have been designed by noted 17th-century British architect Inigo Jones. Staying there as a guest in 1911, the former Prime Minister Lord Rosebery crossed out "Chevening" at the head of a piece of writing paper and substituted "Paradise" [1].

The house was the family seat of the Earls Stanhope, and was bequeathed to the Nation by the 7th and last Earl Stanhope. He left the heavily endowed manor to be managed by a body of trustees. The Chevening Estate Act stipulated that the future resident should be the Prime Minister, a Cabinet Minister, the widow or lineal descendant of King George VI, or the spouse, widow or widower of such a descendant.

Lord Stanhope was apparently impressed by the young Charles, Prince of Wales, and hoped that he would reside at Chevening. In 1974, the Prince accepted the prospect of living on the estate. According to his biographer, Jonathan Dimbleby (for whom Prince Charles himself arranged access to unpublished royal diaries and family correspondence), at that time he was contemplating an eventual marriage to Hon. Amanda Knatchbull, granddaughter of his great-uncle the 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma: "[I]n 1974, following his correspondence with Mountbatten on the subject, the Prince had tentatively raised the question of marriage to Amanda with her mother (and his godmother) Patricia Brabourne. She was sympathetic, but counselled against raising the issue with her daughter, who had yet to celebrate her seventeenth birthday."[2]. Amanda's paternal great-aunt had been Lady Eileen Browne, daughter of the 6th Marquess of Sligo, whose barren marriage to the last Earl Stanhope (who had no other near relations) led to Chevening's being placed at the disposal of Britain's Royal Family. If Amanda were to become Princess of Wales, the Prince's acceptance of Chevening would make some familial sense.

But this was not to be, although the Prince did visit the house several times. In a note of April 24, 1978 to his private secretary, Sir David Checketts, Prince Charles observed, "I know there are advantages -- particularly financial ones -- in the Chevening set up, but I regret to say I am rapidly coming to the conclusion that they are the only advantages."[3] In June 1980 Prince Charles wrote to Prime Minister Thatcher to renounce residency at Chevening (without actually having resided there). Weeks later, he purchased Highgrove in Gloucestershire. By then, according to Dimbleby, Amanda Knatchbull had declined the Prince's proposal of marriage,[4] and he would soon begin courtship of Lady Diana Spencer.[5]

Since then, Chevening has been used by the British government to house successive Foreign Secretaries. Jack Straw moved out of Chevening following the May 2006 reshuffle but continues to live at 1 Carlton Gardens, the Foreign Secretary's London residence, despite no longer being Foreign Secretary. While Margaret Beckett stayed in her Government flat at Admiralty House.

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  1. , Judy Hurd, Country Life, 14 September 2006
  2. , Dimbleby, J: page 263.
  3. , Dimbleby, J: page 299.
  4. , Dimbleby, J: page 265
  5. , Dimbleby, J: page 279.

[edit] Bibliography

  • Dimbleby, Jonathan (1994). The Prince of Wales: A Biography. New York: William Morrow and Company. 
  • Sedgemore, Brian (1995). The Insider's Guide to Parliament. Cambridge: Icon Books. ISBN 1-874166-32-3. 
  • The Week, 27th May 2006 (Issue 564), Page 18

[edit] External links

(Source: Wikipedia)
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