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Winkle Street  Cleats Cottage
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Civil parish
Status: Parish
Primary council: Isle of Wight

Calbourne is a village and civil parish[1] on the Isle of Wight. It is located eight kilometres from Newport in the west of the island.

The village takes its name from the stream that passes through town, the Caul Bourne. The stream used to power five mills just north of the town. In the deed for the land produced in 826 CE, it is recorded as Cawelbourne.

The village has a post office, a garage, a church and a public house, The Sun Inn. The garage is on the previous site of a blacksmith and wagonmaker. Calbourne is also the home of Westover cricket team, who play on the village green.

There is a privately-held manor house, Westover House, on a hill overlooking Calbourne. The Westover Estate was established during the reign of Edward the Confessor. Westover House was once owned by Colonel Moulton-Barrett. Colonel Mouton-Barrett was a relative of the poet Elizabeth Barrett.

Calbourne is also close to the site of Swainston Manor, which is a mile to the east of Calbourne. Now a hotel, Swainston Manor was originally a manor house on a site dating back to 735 CE. Eight hundred years ago it became the location of a palace built by the Bishops of Winchester. It has a 12th century chapel on its 32 acres. Most of the present building was constructed in the 1700s, but an attached hall dates from the 1200s. Warwick the Kingmaker reportedly dined at Swainston Manor.

The Calbourne Mill was first mentioned in print in 1299.

Calbourne is the location of Winkle Street[2] , a picturesque row of cottages which frequently appears on photographs and postcards of the Isle of Wight. Winkle Street looks out on the village stream. Winkle Street was originally named Barrington Row, presumably after longtime residents of Swainston, the Barrington family.

The church in the center of Calbourne was established in 826. It features a brass portrait of an armored knight with hands folded in prayer, resting his feet on a dog. The pictured knight is thought to be William Montacure who was Earl of Salisbury and a governor of the island in the 1300s. Legend has it that Montacure was killed when he was jousting with his father. The heartbroken father created alter tombs in every church in every village in which he owned land or houses.

It is linked to other parts of the Island by Southern Vectis bus route 7 and 11, serving Freshwater, Yarmouth, Newport and Totland, including intermediate towns.[3][4]

[edit] Notes

  1. , English Parishes & Welsh Communities N&C 2004
  2. , The word "winkle" might have come from an old English word that means "angle" or "corner". Also the old English verb "to winkle" means to sparkle or twinkle. Others suggest that the word "winkle" is a tribute to the rector of Shalfleet between 1339 and 1347, a John Winkle.
  3. , Southern Vectis - bus route 7. (2008). Retrieved on 2008-05-04.
  4. , Southern Vectis - bus route 11. (2008). Retrieved on 2008-05-04.

[edit] External links

Articles and Categories about the Isle of Wight, England The Isle of Wight

Category:Isle of Wight | Category:Buildings and structures on the Isle of Wight | Dinosaurs of the Isle of Wight | Education on the Isle of Wight | History of the Isle of Wight | List of Isle of Wight people | List of civil parishes in the Isle of Wight | List of places on the Isle of Wight | Politics of the Isle of Wight | Category:Visitor attractions on the Isle of Wight | Category:Geography of the Isle of Wight | Category:Railway stations on the Isle of Wight| Category:Heritage railway stations on the Isle of Wight

Coordinates: 50°40'N, 1°24'W

(Source: Wikipedia)
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