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Ashurst Wood

Ashurst Wood (West Sussex)
Ashurst Wood

Ashurst Wood shown within West Sussex
Area sq mi (2.51 km²)
Population 2,784[1]
OS grid reference TQ419365
Parish Ashurst Wood
District Mid Sussex
Shire county West Sussex
Region South East
Constituent country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Postcode district RH19
Dialling code 01342
Police Sussex
Fire West Sussex
Ambulance South East Coast
European Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Mid Sussex
List of places: UKEnglandWest Sussex

Coordinates: 51°06'39?N 0°01'33?E? / ?51.11073, 0.02578

Ashurst Wood is a village and civil parish in the Mid Sussex district of West Sussex, England. It is 1 mile (2 km) to the southeast of East Grinstead, just off the A22 arterial road. The village is in the Mid Sussex district of the county, and has a population of 2,784. Ashurst Wood is within the High Weald Area of Natural Beauty and has an SSSI inside its boundaries.[2] In 2000, Ashurst Wood became a civil parish and a parish council was formed.[3]

The village has a history of agriculture and farming, and contains a church, village hall, primary school, two public houses, a general shop, post office and several small business premises. There are two public schools on the boundary of the village, Brambletye School and Stoke Brunswick School.[4] Bus routes run through the village with destinations of East Grinstead, Crawley and Tunbridge Wells.


[edit] History

The exact date of when the village was formed is not known, but two of the main roads in the village and Lewes Road (now part of the A22) were used as a ridge-way track for animals and people 5,000 years ago.[5] There is also evidence of a Roman ironworks in the village.

The centre of Ashurst Wood seen from the air.
The centre of Ashurst Wood seen from the air.

By 1066 the area had two established farms, the tracks between them are still in use today as roads.[6] The name of Ashurst Wood dates back to 1164 when the region was known as Aesehyrst Wilde. There was no village then and the name was used for a common area.[7] During the reign of Henry II, the area that is now Ashurst Wood was called, Esseherst. The names Aisherst, Askhurst and Eseherst were in use in the years 1186, 1248 and 1279 respectively. Around 1300, the oldest surviving house in the village was built. Part of this building remains as the Headmaster's drawing room in Stoke Brunswick School,[8] and has been designated by English Heritage as a grade II* listed building.[9] By the time of the reign of Elizabeth I, Ashurst Wood had prosperous farms, with Water Farmhouse being built in the 16th century,[10] Great Surries dating from the 17th century,[11] and its barn being slightly more recent.[12] The population grew and more houses were built in the village. in 1855, the nearby town of East Grinstead was connected to London by rail, and another rail connection to the area in 1884 meant that Ashurst Wood was more accessible. Many wealthier people bought property in the area and this provided work other than that of the agricultural type.[13]

In 1910, the village school moved to new premises built for 240 children. It is still in use as the primary school today. The school began at its new location on 1910-09-30. During World War I, many villagers volunteered to serve in the armed forces. Back in the village efforts to help the war included making sandbags to be sent to the front.[14] In 1931, construction was complete on St Dunstan's Hall, which is now the Village Centre. The hall was immediately put to good use for many activities by villagers. Ashurst Wood experienced World War II first hand with bullets from planes hitting the school. Dogfights were regularly seen in the skies above and around the village, and buildings that are now part of Stoke Brunswick School were used for nursing allied airmen. In 1944, the village was hit by a series of V-1 flying bombs, Doodlebugs, leaving craters that are still visible as of today.[15] Since the Second World War, the village has been expanded by suburban development.[16] In December 1978, construction started on the United Reformed Church in the village to convert it into the new and current St. Dunstan's Church. The work was completed in Summer 1979 and dedicated in September by the Bishop of Horsham. The lease for St. Dunstan's Hall was taken over by the Ashurst Wood Community Association from the church and became the Village Centre in 1980. The hall was then renovated by local builders and has since been put to use by youth clubs, local theatre and many more activities.

[edit] Demography

At the time of the United Kingdom Census 2001, there were 2,784 residents in the village.[1] As of 2001, Ashurst Wood is slightly less diverse ethnically than the national average. 96.5% of the village residents are white, 1.6% are of mixed race, 1% Asian, 0.1% Black, 0.4% Chinese and 0.4% are of other ethnicity. The village is fractionally more diverse than the regional average.[17] The mean age for residents of the village is 39 and the median age is 38. Figures released in 2006 and 2007 show that crime in the village is lower than the national averages. There are zero robberies per one thousand people, 4.7 burglaries per thousand and 7.5 vehicle thefts per thousand.[17]

For the Census 2001, the people of Ashurst Wood indicated their religion. 71.8% stated their religion as Christian, 0.43% as Buddhist, 0.32% as Hindu, 0.36% as Jewish, 1.26% as Muslim, 0% as Sikh, 1.04% as other religions, 17.28% indicated they had no religion and 7.51% did not state their religion. The majority of residents are economically active. 43.91% and 14.12% of the population are in full and part time employment. 12.08% of residents are self employed and 1.28% are unemployed. This figure is lower than the local, regional and national percentages of unemployment. Economically inactive residents are made up of 13.1% retired, 3.28% students, 5.22% looking after their home or family, 2.1% permanently sick or disabled and 1.94% are economically inactive for other reasons.[1]

[edit] Governance

Ashurst Wood is a ward and a civil parish since 2000.[3] Following the local election on 2007-05-03, there are nine councillors. The parish council meets ten times per year which can be attended by the public.[18] In the 1870s the ecclesiastical parish of Forest Row was formed and much of Ashurst Wood was included in its governing. In 1894 the civil parish of Forest Row was formed and the village was a ward within this parish, in the county of East Sussex. In 1934 the village was transferred from the Forest Row parish council to the East Grinstead Urban District Council in West Sussex. Ashurst Wood was then governed by East Grinstead until 2000.

Ashurst Wood on the West Sussex boundary
Ashurst Wood on the West Sussex boundary

Up until 1992 Ashurst Wood was split by the boundary of East and West Sussex, which meant parts of the village were under the control of Forest Row Parish Council and other parts East Grinstead Town Council. A plan to transfer land on the East Sussex part over to West Sussex County Council was submitted to the Secretary of State for the Environment, and in 1993 the boundary changes came into force.[19]

Ashurst Wood is in the District of Mid Sussex which is a Conservative constituency; Nicholas Soames, grandson of Winston Churchill, is its Member of Parliament. In the 2005 local elections Nicholas Soames held his seat by winning the vote with 48.0%, a 1.8% increase than the previous election. The Liberal Democrats followed with 36.1%, a 5% increase. Labour received 12.7% of the vote, down 6.3% and The United Kingdom Independence Party received 3.2% of the vote, up 0.7% on the previous election.[20]

In 2005 a committee formed with the aim of creating an action plan to implement progress for the village. In 2006 a comprehensive questionnaire was produced and given to the villagers to ascertain what actions should be taken.[21] 55% of the questionnaires were returned and general population data recorded by this questionnaire echoed the findings of the 2001 census. The questionnaire resulted in a document called the Ashurst Wood - Village Action Plan which was published in April 2007. The document contains time scales for targets and actions that will be taken.[22]

[edit] Geography

An outcrop of sandstone.
An outcrop of sandstone.

Ashurst Wood is situated on a prominent ridge 1 mile (2 km) to the southeast of East Grinstead[23] and is 400 feet (122 m) above sea level,[24] This means the area is not prone to heavy flooding. Several farms are within the boundaries of the village which keep various livestock such as sheep and pigs, but Ashurst Wood is primarily a residential village.

The village primarily stands on Tunbridge Wells Sand and Wadhurst Clay. Areas that are set on sandstone were quarried for the production of glass to use in the building of The Crystal Palace in London for the Great Exhibition of 1851. The combination of permeable and impermeable types creates an abundance of streams and springs in woodland areas.[25] These are known Ghyll springs and streams, and are common in the High Weald.

Mills Rocks in the north of the village is a Site of Special Scientific Interest. It is an area consisting of outcrops of sandstone, and is currently designated as Unfavourable recovering, which means that it is not yet fully conserved but all the necessary management measures are in place. Provided that the recovery work is sustained, the SSSI will reach favourable condition in time.[2]

[edit] Community facilities

[edit] Education

There are three schools in Ashurst Wood, a state primary school and two independent schools.

Stoke Brunswick School
Stoke Brunswick School
  • Ashurst Wood Primary School is a mixed gender, non-denominational state school for children aged four to eleven years old and has been in its current location since 1910. As of the 2006 Ofsted inspection, there were 116 pupils enrolled at the school. In the Ofsted report, the school received satisfactory grades in the overall Inspection Judgements.[26] In 2006, Ashurst Wood Primary School received the International School Award.[27] To receive this award, the school is involved in an international link with Mervin Iverson Elementary in Las Vegas, Nevada, United States. Members of staff have visited each school and the students are in contact with each other and are involved in joint activities.[28]
  • Stoke Brunswick School is a mixed gender day and boarding independent school for children aged three to thirteen years old. The building previously stood in Cheshire but it was relocated to Ashurst Wood where it became a school.[7] As of 2003, there are 148 students and 18 of those are boarding. In a report by the Independent Schools Inspectorate, there were overall good findings for the school, including children achieving good academic standards.[29]
  • Brambletye School is an independent day and boarding preparatory school for girls and boys aged seven to thirteen years old. The school's grounds cover 140 acres (0.57 km²) to the south west of the village. The preparatory school has been coeducational since 2000 but the pre-prep school has always accepted girls.[30] In 2001, the Independent Schools Inspectorate found that there were 206 pupils at the school, 99 of which are boarding there. The ISI report findings showed that the school was doing very well with small room for improvement.[31]

[edit] Sports and recreation

The John Pears Field pavilion.
The John Pears Field pavilion.

The John Pears Recreation Field and The Recreation Ground are the two recreational fields in Ashurst Wood. John Pears Recreation Field became council property when it was donated by local resident Mrs Pears as a memorial to her husband. The land covers just over two hectares and contains a pavilion, barbecue for public use, a tennis area, fenced-off play area and a basketball hoop. The field is maintained by the local council.[32] The field used to be home to the Strawberry Fair which was an annual event held in the village, the first of which took place in 1978 and was opened by BBC Radio 2 DJ Don Moss.[33] In 2003 the pavilion was burnt down in an act of arson.[34] After some fundraising, steps were made to have a new one built. Construction was completed in 2005[35] and opened on 2 June.[36]

The other recreational field known locally as The Rec, is where the Mid-Sussex Football League division 2 team Ashurst Wood F.C. plays its home games.[37] The team was formed around the early 1920s. The recreation ground was also home to the village cricket team which had been running for over 100 years, but folded due to lack of participants in 1999.[38]

[edit] Other facilities

Ashurst Wood is served by the Metrobus bus service, with final destinations of Crawley, Royal Tunbridge Wells and Uckfield.[39] There is also a community funded bus service called EG Bus that provides a ride to East Grinstead for the elderly and disabled. The bus picks up people from various places in the village to take them to the shops in East Grinstead and relies on volunteer drivers.[40] In the village there is Allan Martin Meats, an award winning butchers shop. The shop gets its meat locally and is a supplier to local public houses. In 2008 the butchers provided meat for television chef Gordon Ramsey for a programme aired on Channel 4.[41]

[edit] P.R.A.W.N.S.

To celebrate the millennium, in January 2000 some residents of Ashurst Wood unofficially declared independence from the United Kingdom. The new state was known as The People's Republic of Ashurst Wood, a Nation State, which gave the acronym P.R.A.W.N.S..[42] This was reported in the local and national media, notably by the radio DJ Chris Moyles during his show on BBC Radio 1.[43]

The "revolution" was said to be justified because of a ruling by King Ethelred in the year 979, specifying that the village of Ashurst would be immune from taxation after he fell ill there.[42]

[edit] References

  1. , a b c United Kingdom Census 2001 (2001). 2001 Census information about Ashurst Wood (html) (English). Retrieved on 2007-11-21.
  2. , a b SSSI information - Mills Rocks (html) (English). Natural England (2007-10-02). Retrieved on 2007-11-21.
  3. , a b Ashurst Wood Parish Council. Council Introduction (html) (English). Retrieved on 2007-11-03.
  4. , Ashdown, Sue (May 2000). Ashurst Wood in the Twentieth Century. Ashurst Wood Historians, p. 99. 
  5. , Margary, I.D. Sussex Notes and Queries, p. 62. 
  6. , (1986) Ashurst Wood 1086-1986. Ashurst Wood Historians, p. 4. 
  7. , a b Ashurst Wood Historians (2002). About Ashurst Wood. Ashurst Wood Parish Council. Retrieved on 2008-01-18.
  8. , (1986) Ashurst Wood 1086-1986. Ashurst Wood Historians, p. 7. 
  9. , Homestall Lodge (Stoke Brunswick School). Images of England. Retrieved on 2007-11-27.
  10. , Water Farmhouse. Images of England. Retrieved on 2007-11-27.
  11. , Great Surries. Images of England. Retrieved on 2007-11-27.
  12. , Barn to south of Great Surries. Images of England. Retrieved on 2007-11-27.
  13. , (1986) Ashurst Wood 1086-1986. Ashurst Wood Historians, p. 8-9. 
  14. , Hopkins, Anne and Taylor, Tom (May 2000). Ashurst Wood in the Twentieth Century. Ashurst Wood Historians, p. 15-23. 
  15. , Hopkins, Anne and Taylor, Tom (May 2000). Ashurst Wood in the Twentieth Century. Ashurst Wood Historians, p. 49-59. 
  16. , Landscape Character Area 6 High Weald (PDF). MidSussex Council. Retrieved on 2007-11-27.
  17. , a b Ashurst Wood Ward Profiles 2007 (pdf) (English). West Sussex County Council, West Sussex Public Health Observatory (2007). Retrieved on 2007-11-21.
  18. , Ashurst Wood Parish Council (2007). Ashurst Wood Parish Council - Council Introduction (html) (English). Retrieved on 2007-11-27.
  19. , Ashdown, Sue (May 2000). Ashurst Wood in the Twentieth Century. Ashurst Wood Historians, p. 100. 
  20. , Election 2005 - Result: Sussex Mid (html) (English). BBC News. BBC (2005-05-06). Retrieved on 2007-11-27.
  21. , Thompson, Jessica (2007-11-15). PLANS FOR EXTRA HOUSES IN VILLAGE (html) (English). East Grinstead Courier.
  22. , Ashurst Wood - Village Action Plan. (print) Village Plan Steering Committee (April 2007)
  23. , Mid Sussex Official Guide (html) (English). Mid Sussex District Council. Retrieved on 2007-11-21.
  24. , US Geological Survey. (2007)
  25. , Ashurst Wood Conservation Group (pdf) (April 2007).
  26. , Ashurst Wood Primary School Inspection Report (html) (English). Ofsted (2006-11-14). Retrieved on 2007-11-03.
  27. , International School Award 2006. The West Sussex Grid for Learning (2006-11-02). Retrieved on 2008-01-18.
  28. , Las Vegas - February 2005 - Ashurst Wood Primary School. The West Sussex Grid for Learning (2005-08-25). Retrieved on 2008-01-18.
  29. , Inspection Report on Stoke Brunswick School. Independent Schools Inspectorate (2003-05-23). Retrieved on 2008-01-18.
  30. , Brambletye School Official Website. Independent Schools Inspectorate. Retrieved on 2008-01-18.
  31. , Independent School Inspectorate Report on Brambletye School (2001-10-05). Retrieved on 2008-01-18.
  32. , Ashurst Wood: Mid Sussex District Council webpage. Mid Sussex District Council. Retrieved on 2007-11-03.
  33. , Mould, Derek (May 2000). Ashurst Wood in the Twentieth Century. Ashurst Wood Historians, p. 86. 
  34. , John Pears Pavilion Opens (html) (English). Mid-Sussex District Council (2005-06-28). Retrieved on 2007-11-03.
  35. , Garret, Glenn (2005-07-07). New pavilion officially opens (subscription required) (html) (English). East Grinstead Courier. Retrieved on 2007-11-03.
  36. , Ashurst Wood Parish Council. John Pears Pavilion and Tennis Courts (html) (English). Retrieved on 2007-11-03.
  37. , Ashurst Wood local plan (html) (English). Mid-Sussex District Council. Retrieved on 2007-11-03.
  38. , Ashdown, Sue (May 2000). Ashurst Wood in the Twentieth Century. Ashurst Wood Historians, p. 86. 
  39. , Listing of Transport Services from Ashurst Wood. (2005-05-01). Retrieved on 2008-01-18.
  40. , Ashurst Wood Parish Council Newsletter (doc). Retrieved on 2008-01-18.
  41. , Chips Down as Steak is Cooked Live. East Grinstead Courier (2008-01-17). Retrieved on 2008-01-18.
  42. , a b Village declares independence (html) (English). BBC News. BBC (2000-01-07). Retrieved on 2007-11-03.
  43. , Moyles, Chris (2000-01-08). Ashurst Wood "PRAWNS" event discussed on Radio One (mp3) (English). BBC Radio One. BBC. Retrieved on 2007-11-16.

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