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Deepcar East
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  About your Area
Stocksbridge and Upper Don
Stocksbridge and Upper Don
Shown within Sheffield
District: Sheffield
UK Parliament constituency: Sheffield Hillsborough (abolition due in 2009-2010)
Ceremonial county: South Yorkshire
Region: Yorkshire and the Humber
Population (2001): 18,400
Alison Brelsford (Liberal Democrats)
Martin Brelsford (Liberal Democrats)
Martin Davis (Independent)

Stocksbridge and Upper Don ward—which includes the districts of Deepcar, Oughtibridge, Stocksbridge, and Wharncliffe Side, and also the villages of Bolsterstone, Ewden, and Midhopestones—is one of the 28 electoral wards in the City of Sheffield, England. It is located in the northwestern part of the city and covers an area of 93.2 km². The population of this ward in 2001 was 18,400 people in 7,700 households. It is one of the wards that make up the Sheffield Hillsborough constituency up until the next general election (expected 2009-2010). At the next general election a completely new constituency will be created for this area Stocksbridge and Penistone.

The A616 Stocksbridge Bypass was opened in 1989 and is a road which links the M1 motorway at Junction 35A (and J36) to the Woodhead pass (one of the main trans-pennine roads from Sheffield to Manchester) bypassing the towns of Stocksbridge and Deepcar.


[edit] Districts in Stocksbridge and Upper Don ward

[edit] Stocksbridge

Stocksbridge and Upper Don (Sheffield)
Stocksbridge and Upper Don
Stocksbridge shown in Sheffield

Stocksbridge (grid reference SK275980, postal region S36) is a small town in the metropolitan borough of Sheffield, with a population of around 14,000. It lies just to the east of the Peak District. The town is located in the steep-sided valley of the Little Don River. The valley bottom is almost entirely occupied by steelworks, which spurred the growth of the settlement since the early nineteenth century. Although at one time workers were bussed in from miles around, the steel works now employ few.

Samuel Fox established a steel works from 1842, and built much of the infrastructure of Stocksbridge.

During World War II, 'Sammy Fox's' Steelworks was kept busy as part of the war effort. During the Blitz on Sheffield by the Luftwaffe, the bombers used the dam at the end of Stocksbridge as a turning point for their run back toward Sheffield.

The town's local football club is Stocksbridge Park Steels, founded in 1986 following the merger of Stocksbridge Works FC and Oxley Park FC. The home ground of Stocksbridge Park Steels is Bracken Moor, located near the top of the valley. They play in the Northern Premier League Division One South. Stocksbridge's chairman is Alan Bethell. The club also organises many youth teams, from the age of 8 to 18.

[edit] Deepcar

Deepcar (grid reference SK289975, postal region S36) is the eastern gateway to the Parish and borders on Wharncliffe Crags and Wharncliffe Woods.

Evidence of a large circular Mesolithic building dating to c. 7,600 BC which is interpreted as a dwelling [1] has been identified at Deepcar.

[edit] Oughtibridge

Oughtibridge (grid reference SK307930) is a small village on the River Don in the metropolitan borough of Sheffield and the Parish of Bradfield. It has a school, local shops, parks, restaurants and public houses.

Several different pronunciations of the place name exist. Bill Bryson gives these as "owtibrij", "awtibrij", "ootibrij" and "otibrij".[1]

[edit] Wharncliffe Side

Wharncliffe Side (grid reference SK297948) is a small village on the border of the Peak District in the metropolitan borough of Sheffield and the Parish of Bradfield. It is a quite close knit community with a school and community centre. The river Don has cut the valley with steep sides. One side has a dense wood on it. It is half way between Oughtibridge and Stocksbridge. A legend surrounds the wood, in the past a dragon lived in the wood before a lord nearby killed it. You can visit the dragons cave to this day.

[edit] Bolsterstone

[edit] Ewden

[edit] Midhopestones

A quiet and small village consisting of a hand few of houses/ farms and the Ye Olde Mustard Pot pub. 5th and 6th July 2008 is the date of the village gala a very successful event in raising money for charity and just good fun!

[edit] Steel at Stocksbridge

Samuel Fox took over a disused corn mill near the centre of Stockbridge in 1842 and adapted it to making wire for textile pins. Around 1848 the business expanded to include wire for umbrella frames which led to Fox developing the “Paragon” umbrella frame in 1851.

The business continued to expand and spread to different produces so that by the mid 1860s the works included furnaces and rolling mills allowing production of railway lines and springs.

The business was transferred to a limited company in 1871.

Between 1872 and 1877 a railway line was built to link the works with the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway at Deepcar. This was the Stocksbridge Railway which existed as a subsidiary company until 1992.

Samuel Fox & Co joined Steel, Peech and Tozer at Templeborough to form the United Steel Companies (USC) following the First World War. From then on the products of the USC sites were coordinated so that each works specialised in set products. Fox’s specialised in special steel produce such as spring steel and stainless steels. This developed into the manufacture of high quality steel for the aviation industry. One specialised department assembled and tested springs for Rolls-Royce cars.

Following nationalisation in 1967, the British Steel Corporation split the stainless steel departments off into a separate business which by 2004 had become Outokumpu.

During the 1980s and 1990s Stocksbridge works was part of the United Engineering Steels group (a joint venture between British Steel and GKN) and was known as "Stocksbridge Engineering Steels"

Since 1999 works has been owned by Corus, and is part of the Corus Engineering Steels (CES) group. Although for several years Corus ran at a loss, it has recently returned to profit, in part helped by the worldwide rise in demand for steel caused by Chinese economic activity.

Steel manufacture in Stocksbridge has always been by melting iron and steel firstly in crucibles (from 1860, then Bessemer converters (from 1862) and Siemens Open Hearth Furnaces (from 1899 until 1968) and lastly Electric arc furnaces (from 1939 until 2005). Iron has never been produced from iron ore at Fox's, by any method.

Despite the world wide reputation of Stocksbridge works produce, Corus reduced the works to a satellite site for Rotherham (Aldwarke) Works (also CES). In the process the main melting shop and the rolling mill were to be closed (the mill was actually kept open after the planned closure date as the production could not be handled at Rotherham). Re-melting of special grades continued using small (around 10 tonnes capacity), specialised furnaces with controlled atmospheres. The rolling mill (billet mill) was re-opened in April 2006 due to difficulties in rolling certain products at Aldwarke and is likely to stay open in the immediate future.

A plan to invest a further £6 million at Stocksbridge was cancelled part way through in December 2005. This plan would have enhance the re-melting furnace capacity at Stocksbridge, aimed at strengthening Corus’ position to supply the rapidly growing market place for engineering steels for the aerospace sector. Instead complete closure looks more likely and Corus withdrawing from this part of the market (as of mid December 2005).

[edit] Culture

The ASDA Stocksbridge Band is one of the leading brass bands in Yorkshire and the UK. It was formerly associated with the steel works, and appeared in the UK movie The Full Monty.

Stocksbridge is home to many traditional Yorkshire Christmas carols as is especially known for its renditions of Hail Smiling Morn. Bolsterstone Male Voice Choir is close by.

Three of the four members of the Arctic Monkeys were pupils at Stocksbridge High School.

Oliver Sykes, Vocalist in Bring Me the Horizon and owner of Drop Dead Clothing has lived in Stocksbridge since the age of five and attended Stocksbridge High School.

[edit] References

  1. , Robert Rossney, "The Mother Tongue: English and How It Got That Way - book reviews", Whole Earth Review, Spring 1993

(Source: Wikipedia)
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