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Rye CobbledStreet
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  About your Area
 

Rye is highly susceptible to the ergot fungus. Consumption of ergot-infected rye by humans and animals results in a serious medical condition known as ergotism. Ergotism can cause both physical and mental harm, including convulsions, miscarriage, necrosis of digits, and hallucinations. Historically, damp northern countries that have depended on rye as a staple crop were subject to periodic epidemics of this condition. There have been "occurrence[s] of ergotism with periods where there were high incidents of people persecuted for being witches. Emphasis was placed on the Salem Witch Trials, in Massachusetts, in 1692, where there was a sudden rise in the number of people accused of being witches, but earlier examples were taken from Europe, as well."[3]

[edit] Uses

Rye output in 2005
Rye output in 2005
A rye field in Russia, as depicted by Ivan Shishkin in 1878.
A rye field in Russia, as depicted by Ivan Shishkin in 1878.

Rye bread, including pumpernickel, is a widely eaten food in Northern and Eastern Europe. Rye is also used to make the familiar crisp bread. Rye flour has a lower gluten content than wheat flour, and contains a higher proportion of soluble fiber.

Some other uses of rye include rye whiskey and use as an alternative medicine in a liquid form, known as rye extract. Often marketed as Oralmat, rye extract is a liquid obtained from rye and similar to that extracted from wheatgrass. Its benefits are said to include a strengthened immune system, increased energy levels and relief from allergies, but there is no clinical evidence for its efficacy.

Rye straw is used to make corn dollies.

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  1. , Daniel Zohary and Maria Hopf, Domestication of plants in the Old World, third edition (Oxford: University Press, 2000), p. 75
  2. , Major Food And Agricultural Commodities And Producers - Countries By Commodity
  3. , Ergot of Rye: History

[edit] External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Minerals
Ca 33 mg
Fe 2,67 mg
Mg 121 mg
P 374 mg
K 264 mg
Na 6 mg
Zn 3,73 mg
Cu 0,450 mg
Mg 2,680 mg
Se 0,035 mg

(Source: Wikipedia)
 
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