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Burneside RiverKent
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Burneside
Burneside (Cumbria)
Burneside

Burneside shown within Cumbria
Population 2971(2001)
OS grid reference SD515925
District South Lakeland
Shire county Cumbria
Region North West
Constituent country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Kendal
Postcode district LA9
Dialling code 01539
Police Cumbria
Fire Cumbria
Ambulance North West
European Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Westmorland and Lonsdale
List of places: UKEnglandCumbria

Coordinates: 54°21'20?N 2°45'46?W? / ?54.3556, -2.7628

Burneside is a small village in Cumbria, England. It is located to the north of Kendal and to the southeast of Staveley, on the River Kent, just upstream from where the River Sprint joins it and has circa 2000 inhabitants.

Burneside railway station is situated on the Windermere Branch Line and gives connections to Windermere railway station to the northwest, Oxenholme Lake District railway station (on the West Coast Main Line) and Lancaster railway station to the south. Burneside is around 10 miles (14 km) from the M6 motorway.


Contents

[edit] Politics

In 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972 Burneside became a part of the South Lakeland district whose administrative centre is Kendal[1].

Burneside is part of the Westmorland and Lonsdale parliamentiary constituency for which Tim Farron is the current MP representing the Liberal Democrats[2].

[edit] Economy

Burneside's economy is based upon the paper mill Croppers, founded in 1845 by James Cropper. Originally, most villagers worked in the factory and up until the year 2000 James Cropper (a descendant of the original James Cropper) owned a large proportion of the village up until it was sold to housing agencies.

[edit] Current Village

St Oswalds Church
St Oswalds Church

Burneside has two main estates, Hall Park and Chapel Fields, which have a mix of private and rented accommodation.

The village has one grocery store, one bakery and a paper shop which is part of the Croppers paper mill.It also has a pub named the Jolly Anglers and a Chipshop named the Jolly fryer.

Burneside's only church is called St. Oswalds to which the only school in the village (St. Oswalds school) is affiliated. The church represents the Church of England and has been on its present site since 1647. The Bryce Institute is also a key feature of the village allowing locals to participate in many social events. The Bryce institute, was built in 1896 and in 1918 was used as a bath house, now it is used for many local events.

[edit] Burneside Hall

Burneside Hall lies just on the outskirts of Burneside. It is a ruined 14th century pele tower now attached to a farm house and out buildings. t he fortification of the house was licenced in 1341 when the tower and a gatehouse were built.

There is a long south wing, and a shorter oblong north wing, which is in fact a pele tower. There are two tunnel-vaulted chambers at ground level, separated by a narrow tunnel-vaulted passage. he hall became the property of Richard de Bellingham of Northumberland when he married Margaret, the heiress of Gilbert de Burneshead. Their descendants remained living in the hall for the next 200 years or so.

Most of the 14th century tower still survives, together with some of the original enclosing wall of the barmkyn, or fortified courtyard. This area would have been used to house and protect cattle in the event of a raid or an attack. Today, the hall and its grounds are accessed along a narrow drive-way from the road below it. Entrance would have been through a gate house from the 16th century onwards, that still stands intact but with broken windows. The original heavy oak doors to the gate house can still be seen, albeit off their hinges now and leaning against the interior wall!

The hall and its attendant buildings are from different dates. The pele tower was built by the Burnesheads in the 14th century. Its basement is divided into two cellars, connected by a tunnel passing right through the tower. Apparently this is an architecturally unique feature for a pele tower. The walls of the pele tower were originally around 1.2metres thick. No traces of the embattled parapets survive. There was a special enclosure directly outside the tower, possibly for the protection of horses.

Attached to the rear of the pele tower is the Great Hall, probably built during the 16th century. This part of the building was built by the Bellinghams, and was enlarged during the 17th century by the Braithwaites

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(Source: Wikipedia)
 
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