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[edit] General Background

Egloskerry is a village and civil parish located about five miles north west of Launceston in the North Cornwall district of Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. The parish consists of the village of Egloskerry and many outlying hamlets and farms, including Tregeare, Badharlick and Trebeath. There are 3,253 acres of land and 9 acres of water in the parish.

During the earliest census of 1801, the parish had 307 inhabitants. The population increased to a peak in 1841, when 552 people were recorded in the parish. Thereafter, the population steadily decreased to its lowest point of only 275 people in 1981. Since then, there has been a consistent increase in people living in the parish, with 374 persons residing there in 2001.

[edit] Historical Significance

In the village is a 15th century church of St. Keri and St. Petroc with original Norman wall and transept.

Church of St. Keri and St. Petroc, Egloskerry, Cornwall County, England.  Photo circa 1870.
Church of St. Keri and St. Petroc, Egloskerry, Cornwall County, England. Photo circa 1870.

The Penheale Estate is located within the parish and was mentioned as one of 284 manors in Cornwall by the Doomsday Book of 1086. The Rev. Henry Addington Simcoe, son of John Graves Simcoe, purchased the estate in 1830 and was curate in Egloskerry from 1822 through 1846. He was married twice and had eleven children. Simcoe authored and published many books from his own printing press at Penheale. He died at the estate on 15 November 1868 and was buried in the village churchyard on 20 November 1868.

During the 1920s, Norman Colville acquired Penheale and made extensive renovations and additions through the assistance of the famous English architect, Sir Edwin Lutyens.

Egloskerry received railroad service on 21 July 1892 when the London & South Western Railway, or LSWR, opened a line between Launceston and Tresmeer. The small goods yard at the station closed on 9 May 1960 and the station completely a few years later. On 3 October 1966, the line that passed through Egloskerry closed entirely.

[edit] Literary References

"Why, the man in Hill Street, who plays and sells flutes, trumpets, and fiddles, and grand pianners. He was talking to Egloskerry, that very small bachelor-man with money in the funds. I was going by, I'm sure, without thinking or expecting a nod from men of that glib kidney..."

Hardy, Thomas (2005), A Pair of Blue Eyes, Oxford University Press, 320.

  • In the second book, Heather, of a trilogy written by John Trevena (the pseudonym of Ernest George Henham) and published in 1908:

On a cold March day any traveller by the North Cornwall line may feel conceited as well as numbed. He shivers because the wind tries to shatter the windows from Egloskerry onwards; he is proud because he cannot think what the railway would do without him; for two or three shilings he has apparently bought the train, a rheumatic locomotive which wobbles and totters seawards, and a lot of little weather-beaten stations with two or three dummy men thrown in at each one, looking like Shems, Hams and Japhets standing on wooden plates all ready for the Ark.

Trevena, John (1908), Heather, Alston Rivers, Ltd. London, 424.

The emptying train, wind in the ventilators,
Puffs out of Egloskerry to Tresmeer
Through minty meadows, under bearded trees
And hills upon whose sides the clinging farms
Hold Bible Christians. Can it really be
That this same carriage came from Waterloo?

Dow, Andrew (2006), Dow's Dictionary of Railway Quotations, Johns Hopkins University Press, 258.

[edit] Legal Precedent

  • In an 1898 opinion from the Queen's Bench titled Simcoe v. Pethick, certain property had been set aside for residents in the village of Egloskerry to remove turf, subject to oversight by the churchwardens and overseers of the poor. Pethick entered on the land and removed wood over the objection of the lord of the manor, Simcoe, the son of Rev. Henry Addington Simcoe, who claimed that he had the ownership rights to the land and to the removal of turf and wood. The court held that the churchwardens and overseers had the legal right to regulate the manner in which turf could be removed from the property, not the lord of the manor. Simcoe v. Pethick, 2 Q.B. 55(1898). The case was widely cited as an important precedent for public land rights in England.

[edit] References

Colville, D. (1989). Penheale -- The Rebirth of a House. Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall (Cornwall Lithographic Printers Ltd.).

Eversley, Lord (1910). Commons, Forests and Footpaths: The Story of the Battle during the last Forty-five Years for Public Rights over the Commons, Forests and Footpaths of England and Wales. (Cassell and Company, Ltd.)

Mitchell, Vic and Keith Smith (1995). Branch Line to Padstow (Middleton Press).

(Source: Wikipedia)
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